Florence: Nella Nuova Stamperia di Gio:
Filippo Cecchi, 1691.
Quarto, 9 x 13.5 in. Second edition. þ4, +4, A-Z4, Aa-Nn4, þ2. 75
full page copper engravings. This book is bound in later vellum. The
pages are clean with some minor waterstaining in the margins. This
highly esteemed work represents the first group effort at scientific
investigation on the part of about ten scientists, including Galileo's
pupil Viviani, the anatomist Alfonso Borelli, the embryologist Francesco
Redi, the geologist Steno, Marcello Malpighi, Vicenzo VI, and the
astronomer Cassini. The subjects of the experiments described here
include air pressure, speed of sound, radiant heat, vacuum effects,
hydrostatics, and optics. Among the instruments illustrated are the
first sealed thermometer (made for the Academia about 1660) and an
"The Academia del Cimento... was the first organized laboratory
devoted entirely to experimental science in the modern sense."
(Knowles M.) The Accademia was founded in 1657, five years before
the Royal Society of London, by Galileo's most famous pupils, Torricelli
and Vincenzo Viviani, under the patronage of Ferdinand II de Medici
and his brother Prince Leopold, specifically to extend the work of
Galileo by making scientific experiments which would demonstrate the
folly of continued opposition to the new science.
The first edition of this work, the sole publication of the Academia
del Cimento, was published in 1667. In all there have been 13 editions
of the Saggi in its original language. "Apart from the dedication
(with full page engraved portrait), it was clearly intended to make
this (2nd) edition an exact copy of the editio princeps. The plates
(for the 2nd edition) were re-engraved with remarkable accuracy and
are on the average better than in even a very good copy of the earlier
edition, being more strongly delineated and better struck. (Knowles
Count Lorenzo Magalotti, an Italian philosopher and poet, was born
at Rome in 1637. The text, which has been much admired for its style,
was written over a period of several years by Count Magalotti, secretary
to the society. Experiments were conducted on air pressure, the speed
of sound, radiant heat, phosphorescence, magnetism, amber and other
electric bodies, the compressibility of water and its expansion on
freezing and the discovery of the plane of oscillation of a pendulum.
The plates were engraved by Modiana, possibly after drawings by Stefano
della Bella. Among the instruments illustrated are the Florentine
thermometer and an improved barometer. The Academia's scientific apparatus
is still preserved in the science museum of Florence.
Graesse vol.4, 335.
London: Printed by W. Bowyer, for Thomas Bennet at the Half-Moon,
and T. Leigh and W. Midwinter at the Rose and Crown, in St. Pauls
Folio, 13.6 x 9 in. Second edition of Taylors translation. a4,
¶2, B-Z2, Aa-Uu2, (a)-(b)2, A-Z2, Aa-Xx2, Yy3, Aa2, A-K2. This
copy is bound in handsome, blind tooled seventeenth century English
boards which have been recently rebacked and recornered. The contents
are lightly dampstained at the fore edge, with scattered spotting.
Malebranche, a French metaphysical philosopher of great eminence,
was born in Paris on the sixth of August, 1638. His habits in youth
were retired and studious. He became a priest of the Oratory in 1660,
and was a zealous Cartesian in philosophy, which was his favorite
study. In 1674 he produced the first volume of his admirable and original
Search for Truth, (Recherche de la Verité,) which was quickly
and highly appreciated. New and enlarged editions of it rapidly followed.
The general design of this work is to demonstrate the harmony of the
Cartesian philosophy with revealed religion. His style is eminently
pure, perspicuous, and elegant, having, says Fontenelle, all
the dignity which the subject requires, and all the grace or ornament
which it could properly receive.
He was a warm and almost enthusiastic admirer of Descartes,
but his mind was independent, searching, and fond of its own inventions;
he acknowledged no master, and in some points dissents from the Cartesian
] The fame of Malebranche, and still more, the popularity
in modern times of his Search for Truth have been affected by that
peculiar hypothesis, so mystically expressed, the seeing all things
in God, which has been more remembered than any other part of that
He bears a striking resemblance to his contemporary Pascal.
Both of ardent minds, endowed with strong imagination and lively wit,
a sarcastic, severe, fearless, disdainful of popular opinion and accredited
] But in Malebranche there is a less overpowering
sense of religion; his eye roams unblenched in the light before which
that of Pascal had been veiled in awe. He has less energy, but more
copiousness and variety. (Hallam)
This ingenious philosopher and beautiful writer, writes
Mackintosh, is the only celebrated Cartesian who has professedly
handled the Theory of Morals. [
] The manner in which he applied
his principles to the particulars of human duty is excellent. He is
perhaps the first philosopher who has precisely laid down, and rigidly
adhered to, the great principle that virtue consists in pure intentions
and dispositions of mind, without which actions, however conformable
to rules, are not truly moral. (Thomas)
This English translation was prepared by Thomas Taylor (1669 or 70-1735).
Wing M-318; ESTCR 3403.
London: Printed by R.E. for J. Hindmarsh, at the Golden-Ball over
against the Royal Exchange in Cornhill, 1687.
Duodecimo, 2.9 x 5.3 in. First edition. A6, B12-P12, Q4. *This book
is disbounded from its full eighteenth century calf binding. This
book has been rebound in full modern calfskin. The leaves themselves
are clean with only slight browning.
The New Treatise of Natural Philosophy... has been attributed to Robert
Midgely, and it is under his name that the reference appears in Wing.
This attribution comes from the reverse of the title page leaf which
states Licensed, Oct 28 1686. Robert Midgely. However,
the text seems to be a paraphrase of Johannes Baptista van Helmonts
(1577-1644) Ortus Medicinae. Van Helmont was the most original
alchemical or iatrochemical writer of the first half of the seventeenth
century, in fact the most since Paracelsus. The Introduction to the
1707 edition of his writings compared him to such other innovators
as Francis Bacon and Descartes. His commentator, Ettmuller, placed
him next to Celsus, Fernal and Paracelsus. He introduced a new terminology
of his own, of which the word gas came into universal
or chemical usage, whereas its fellow, blas, indicating
an astral or meteorological efflux or influence, never came into general
This book mentions Van Helmont once as a separate author and source
for this material: But if the soul were not by its own substance
extended through the whole body, and had its seat only in the heart
as Empedocles would have it, or in the spleen and the stomach, as
van Helmont places it... (p. 114)
The topics of Midgelys book range from the location of the soul
in the body, to the magnetic force between the loadstone and iron
(p. 29), to the origins of the thunderclap, how it is produced and
how to reproduce the same sound. He takes an organic approach to all
topics, describing their composition in terms of atoms. His description
of light and color is based in the nature of light itself: Light
is seen by itself, nor is there need of any species to see light:
and since we, to speak properly, do not see the objects, but Light
the Object of Sight, there is no necessity that the Object should
transmit Accidents or Corpuscles, as if Light could not be seen of
itself. (p. 292)
London: ex Officina typographica Thom. Cotes. Et venales extant apud
Guiliel. Hope, ad insigne Chirotechae, prope regium Excambium, 1634.
Folio, 11.8 x 7.4 in. Variant of the first edition. A6, a4, B-L6 (L2
and L5 misbound), M-Z6, Aa-Dd6, Ee4. The volume contains ninety-eight
pages of detailed woodcuts of insects. There are, in fact, more than
five hundred individual insects illustrated in this work. This copy
is bound in seventeenth century English sheepskin, has been rebacked,
and the corners have been repaired. The worm-holes in the lower margin
do not affect the text.
Moffett, a physician by training, was educated at Cambridge where
he earned a degree from Trinity College before proceeding to Caius
College. While at Caius, despite being nearly poisoned by eating
mussels, Moffett was summarily dismissed by Master Thomas Legge,
who was later charged with expelling Moffett without the consent of
In 1579 Moffett visited Italy and Spain; there he studied the
culture of the silkworm, which he made the subject of a poem, and
became an acute observer of all forms of insect life.
He also took up the study of medicine before returning to England,
where he spent some time at court, meeting such notables as Tycho
Brahe and Peter Severinus before settling down to a practice in London.
He was well thought of, described as an eminent ornament of
the Society of Physicians, a man of the more polite and solid learning,
and renowned in most branches of science.
Moffett, lauded by his peers as the prince of entomologists,
completed, in 1590, a valuable work on the natural history of
insects. This work was published posthumously and has been praised
for the copiousness of the species described and the character
of the engravings. (DNB)
STC 17993a; Huntington, p. 297; Nissen 2852; Horn.-Schenkl. III, 15547;
Hagen I, 553.
London: Per H. M. Cantabrigiensem. Typis E. Flesher. Prostat apud
Guilielmum Morden, Bibliopolam Cantabrigiensem, 1671.
Quarto, 6 x 7.5 in. First edition. ¶4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Iii4,
Kkk2. The title page is printed in red and black. The text is profusely
illustrated with more than one hundred engravings. This copy is bound
in seventeenth century English calf, and has been recently rebacked.
The edges of the boards are tooled in gold; the boards are ruled and
tooled in blind. This is a Dutch imprint in an English binding, indicating
that this volume returned to England for binding shortly after it
In the Enchiridion Metaphysicum many of the worlds phenomena
are considered along the way, employing the Cartesian mechanics. These
phenomena, unfettered, expose pure Mechanism as vanity and falsehood.
The Enchiridion Metaphysicum is the kind of learned attack on Descartes
that only a once-admirer could have composed. Indeed, the debate about
mechanism was one of the hot topics of early modern science. The Enchiridon
brings together the best of this periods coexistent empirical
and theoretical approaches; More was at once a true scientist and,
simultaneously, thoroughly sympathized with Glanvill in his
intense belief in witchcraft and apparitions. These paradoxes
make him one of the more intriguing figures of the English Scientific
The mere fact of the continued reproduction, in whole or part,
of Mores works is a proof that they were not neglected; and,
considering how utterly the refined, dreamy, and poetical spirit of
More was out of sympathy with the practical and prosaic mind of the
eighteenth century, it is wonderful that his fame should have been
so great as it was during that period. (All citations DNB)
London: Printed for W. Hawes at the Rose in Ludgate-street, 1699.
Quarto, 5.8 x 7.4 in. Fifth edition, corrected and enlarged. þ, A3,
B-Z4, Aa-Nn4. There is an engraved frontispiece of Joseph Moxon as
well as, engraved scientific and astronomical figures scattered throughout
the text, some quite detailed and interesting (ex. 179). This book
is bound in nineteenth century quarter calf over marbled boards. The
pages have some browning, spotting and water stains as well as some
worming. The worming impairs legibility of three words on A3 as well
as a word on the reverse of the leaf. Overall, however, the text is
in good, readable condition. Moxons tutorial which was first
printed in 1659 demonstrates the authors intimacy with his subjects.
This work includes a detailed table of contents at the end. This edition
printed the year before Moxon died, includes an appendix of Ancient
Poetical Stories of the Stars and A discourse of the Antiquity,
Progress and Augmentation of Astronomy.
Joseph Moxon a hydrographer and mathematician, was born at Wakefield,
Yorkshire, on 8 Aug. 1627, and at the age of fifty had, according
to his own account, been for many years conversant in... smithing,
founding, drawing, joynery, turning, engraving printing books and
pictures, globe and map making, mathematical instruments , &c.
(Mechanick Exercises Preface)... He sold all manner of mathematical
books or instruments and maps whatsoever, and published A Tutor
to Astronomie and Geographie... Shortly after 1660 he was nominated
hydrographer, i.e. map and chart printer and seller to
the king. (DNB)
Houzeau & Lancaster 8754; Wing M3027
Cambridge: Printed by Thomas Buck, Printer
to the Universitie of Cambridge, 1652.
Quarto, 5.25 x 7 in. First edition. A4, B2, C-Z4, Aa-Ii4. There is
one table bound near the front showing the classification of stones
by type. This book is bound in extremely worn full sheep that has
flaked at the corners. The edges of the leaves are speckled. Bound
before and after the text are two leaves from a sixteenth century
Latin text. A blank leaf in the front is covered in manuscript writing
in a contemporary hand. There is one handwritten quotation in Greek
that translates as A Laconian woman considers herself adorned
only with the kronikos stone, which they call the
Lacodaimoniam. - Gothofreduss Vetus Orbis descriptio,
Geneva 1628 edition The leaves are in good condition with only
marginal browning and worming that does not affect legibility of the
Nicols wrote on gems. He studied for some time at Jesus College,
Cambridge. He wrote a curious work on precious stones which was thrice
published in his lifetime, each with a different title... (DNB)
His Lapidary is incredibly interesting, it goes far beyond simply
describing the stones. It actually describes how imitations can be
produced: Artificers are wont to make artificial marbles after
this manner... that various colour being added, this substance must
be agitated and stirred up and down with a rod, that the veins may
the better be disposed for a marble or a statue; and when this is
thoroughly dry... it will receive an excellent polish. (p. 25)
He also explains how to make pretious stones in their enclosures
appear fairer and larger then they truly are. There are subtil frauds
about gemmes, by which Jewellers can make them seem much larger than
they are. (p. 21)
There is also has a chapter on loadstones where he describes them
as drawing iron to themselves because stones live, and have
need for nourishment for their augmentation and conservation.
Wing N-1145; Porter 13.
Lugduni Batavorum, apud Petrum vander AA, 1685.
Duodecimo, 2.75 x 4.7 in. First edition. **6, A-H12, þ. There is a
frontispiece and also three folding plates of dogs eye glands
bound between the text and the index. This book is bound in nice modern
dark brown full leather calf. The leaves are in very good condition
with only minor browning.
Nuck, first at The Hague and later professor at Leiden, was
well known as an oculist, aurist, and dentist, and did his most important
work investigating the lymphatics and glands, in which he used the
injection technique much as Ruysch had done with the blood vessels.
This book... contains some of Nucks best work on glands
and ducts, especially the salivaries and tear ducts. (Eimas)
He gives descriptions of many of his discoveries including his work
on the orbitary glands of the dog.
Wellcome IV, 250; G&M, 101; See Eimas #673.
London: Printed by Mary Clark, and are to be sold by John Clark at
Mercers Chappel at the Lower End of Cheapside, 1678.
Folio, 8.7 x 14.7 in. Fourth English edition. A6, a5, B-Z6, Aa-Zz6,
Aaa-Sss6, Ttt4, Vvv-Yyy2, þ2. There are approximately 450 woodblock
prints throughout the text. This book has been rebound in full modern
calf with gilt decoration and lettering on the spine. The leaves themselves
are browned with some minor tears in the margins and some spotting
throughout but nothing that impairs legibility. There is a bit of
marginal writing in a contemporary hand. Ambroise Paré,
French surgeon, born at Bourgh-Hersent, near Laval, department of
Maine, 1517; died 20 Dec., 1590. He was apprenticed to a barber at
an early age, became barber-surgeon at the Hôtel-Dieu, Paris,
surgeon in the army of Francis I (1536-1538), re-enlisted on the reopening
of hostilities (1542-1544), and in 1545 began the study of anatomy
at Paris, under François-Jacques Dubois (Sylvius). He was appointed
field-surgeon by Marshall Rohan, and (1552) became surgeon to King
Henry II, in 1554 members of the Collège de St-Cosme, exempt
from taxation, and in 1563, after the siege of Rouen, first surgeon
and chamberlain to King Charles IX. A Catholic throughout his life,
Tal has given documentary refutation of the legend that Paré
was a Huguenot and was spared during the Massacre on St. Bartholomew
Day (1572) by direct command of the king. On account of his humanitarian
activity he was held in special regard among soldiers. His motto,
as inscribed above his chair in the Collège de St-Cosme, read:
Je le pansay et Dieu le guarist. A monument was erected
to him at Laval.
Parés pioneer work was chiefly in the department
of military surgery. His importance in the development of modern surgery
may be compared with that of his contemporary, Andreas Vesalius, in
the development of modern anatomy. The chief services rendered by
Paré are a reform in the treatment of gunshot wounds, and the
revival of the practice of ligating arteries after amputation. From
the time of Giovanni Vigo (c. 1460-1520), surgeon-in-ordinary to Pope
Julius II, gunshot wounds were classified as contused, burned, and
poisoned, and the last-named, on the supposition that all gunshot
wounds were poisoned by powder, were cauterized with red-hot iron
or hot oil. On one occasion, after a battle, Paré, not having
sufficient oil, applied ointment and bandaged the wounds, and observed
that the healing process proceeded more favorably under this treatment.
His observations, published in 1545, gave the impetus to a rational
reform of the whole system of dealing with wounds, and did away with
the theory of poisoned gunshot wounds, despite the fact that the Italians,
Alfonso Ferri (1552), and Giovanni Francesco Rota (1555), obstinately
defended the old view. Vascular ligation, which had been practiced
by the Alexandrians, was revived by Paré at amputations in
the form of ligating the artery, though thereby the nerves were bruised.
This discovery, which he published in 1552, he speaks of as an inspiration
which came to him through Divine grace. In cases of strangulated hernia
of the groin he performed the operation known as herniotomy, while
heretofore physicians feared to operate in such cases, leaving the
patient to die miserably. In obstetrics we owe to him the revival
of foot-presentation, but he was always averse to the Caesarean operation.
These arcana are also portrayed in the text: monstrous babies, fur-covered
Siamese twins, a woman pregnant with 36 children, unicorns, fantastic
animals. There are also scenes of arm and leg amputations, reduction
of broken arms around bed posts and columns, terrifying medical instruments
As there are more than 450 woodcuts, a bewildering number of subjects
have been portrayed, to the delight of the reader.
Wing P351; see Eimas 271.
London: Printed for H. Rhodes, at the Star near Fleet-Bridge; J. Harris,
at the Harrow in Little-Britain; T. Bennet, at the Half-moon in St.
Pauls Church-Yard; A Bell, at the Cross-Keys in Cornhill; D.
Midwinter, and T. Leigh, at the Rose and Crown in St. Pauls
Quarto, 8 x 6 in. First edition. 4, B-Z4, Aa4, Bb2, Cc-Zz4, Aaa-Ddd4,
Ee4, Fff-Zzz4, Aaaa-Xxxx4, Y4, Zzzz4, Aaaaa-Eeeee4. This book is bound
in a full calfskin binding with blind tooling around the edges. Internally,
this copy is good condition. Although a few sections are affected
by occasional browning and spotting, the text is never obscured. The
binding has failed and is in need of rebacking. Essentially in the
form of a collection of book reviews for each book published that
month, History of the Works of the Learned gives the background for
each author as well as a brief overview of the pretext of each book.
This volume serves as an excellent guide to the intellectual currents
of the time throughout all of Europe.
Books covered in this work range from an account of the state of the
Jews that live on the Coasts of Malabar to a second part of Aesops
fables, from an ecclesiastical history of the thirteenth, fourteenth,
and fifteenth centuries of Christianity to a treatise about reducing
the practice of physics to an ancient method of observation, from
a history of painting, sculpture, architecture and engraving to a
travelers guide to the roads of England.
Nelson and Seccombe 191; NCBEL II:1293.
London: Printed for Christopher Wilkinson, at the Black Boy [sic]
over against S. Dunstans Church in Fleetstreet, 1691.
Duodecimo, 5.5 x 3.25 in. Second edition. A-K12 (including the initial
blank A1). This copy is in good condition internally; it is lightly
browned, with occasional spotting, but overall is in acceptable condition.
It is bound in later marbled paper boards and leather spine.
The first edition of Rays Collection of English Words Not Generally
Used contains a list of birds a fishes compiled by Francis Willughby
and himself... Further bulk was given to the book by adding accounts
of The Smelting and Refining of Silver at the Silver Mills in
Cardiganshire, The preparation and smelting or blowing,
of Tin in Corwall, The manner of working the Iron at the
Forge or Hammer, Notes of Husbandry, The manner
of wire work at Tintern in Monmouthshire, The manner of
making Vitriol, The making of Minium or Red Lead,
The Allom Work at Whitby in Yorkshire, The making
of Salt at Namptwych in Cheshire, and lastly The manner
of making Salt of Sea-sand in Lancashire. This curious hotch-potch
of information has its interest as a source of technical terms in
use at the time. (Keynes)
Ray was a remarkable man whose additions to natural history are immense
and in this particular book, the subjects that he treats are equally
remarkable. In the preface, Ray reports that after the first edition
of his work was published, he received several catalogues of obscure
northern and southern words from several learned friends, and notes
that he has greatly augmented these sections with the help of these
new catalogues. The preface is followed by a list of North Country
Words, each with its meaning and etymology. This section is
followed by South and East Country Words, similarly defined,
and A Catalogue of Local Words paralleld with British
or Welsh, arranged in parallel columns, A Catalogue of
North Country Words, the Glossarium Northanhymbricum,
the next section, most intriguing, is An Account of some Errors
and Defects in our English Alphabet, Orthography, and Manner of Spelling,
in which Ray complains about the use of the final e used
at the end of English words to indicate a hard vowel sound in the
preceding vowel when the two are separated by a consonant. He suggests
that this practice leads foreigners and children to expect to pronounce
an eee sound at the end of such words. [Words like smoke,
as opposed to smock.] Ray also complains about problems with spelling,
shedding light on a problem that seems so apparent to modern readers
in all English works of this period, the spelling is highly erratic.
He also makes numerous specific descriptions of the pronunciations
of many words. Many modern scholars often wonder about the way that
seventeenth century people pronounced words. Much can be deduced on
that subject by reading this section. In the post-script section we
find Some Observations made and communicated by Mr. Francis
Brokesby, concerning the Dialect, and various Pronunciation of Words
in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Wing R-389; Keynes 24; ONeill R-10; Hoover 674.
Strassburg: Jon Pruss, not before 1490.
Folio, 11 x 8 in. First printed in 1473. This is the first Ratdolt
edition. *5, A8, B-P6. 95 of 98 leaves; lacking the title page and
the first and last blank. There are numerous woodcut diagrams illustrating
genealogical relationships, scenes of town and cities, including Nineveh
(A8r), Sodom and Gomorah (A8v), Athens (B1r), and Rome (C5r), Noahs
Ark and the rainbow of the Covenant (A4), the Tower of Babel (A5),
comets (O2v, O3r, P1r, P1v, and P4r), and monsters (K1r and L4v).
This copy is bound in quarter alum-tawed pigskin over wooden boards.
The top board is original quarter-sawn beech, with two brass catchplates,
the clasps for which have since perished. Unfortunately, the rear
board was apparently broken and lost, and has been replaced with a
less pleasing pine board. Overall, however, the book remains structurally
sound, and from the front and spine is very beautiful. Internally,
it is in very good condition with the exception of light marginal
damp-staining (not affecting the text), and some worming on the gutter
of the first gathering only (*2-5 have been rehinged).
Rolewincks Fasciculus Temporum was an enormously popular world
chronicle, appearing in more than 30 incunabular editions in Latin,
German, French, and Dutch.
A very handsome and typographically-sophisticated volume, with varying
columns, circular devices with inset type, and woodcuts throughout,
the work aspires to trace the history of the world from the beginning
of time until the year of publication. The thirty-three woodcuts are
crisp and rather charming, and, like those in many fifteenth and sixteenth
century chronicles (including, most famously, the Nuremberg Chronicle),
are occasionally used repeatedly to illustrate different events and
locations. The work is fascinating for the comprehensiveness of its
content as well as the beauty of its execution. Of particular interest
is a reference on the verso of leaf 89 which mentions the invention
of printing: Artifices mira celeritate subtiliores solito fiunt.
Et impressores librorum multiplicant in terra (A most accurate
and wonderful trade, which quickly multiplies the number of printed
books throughout the world). Considering that printing had only come
to Italy in 1465and to Venice only in 1469this is a remarkably
prescient, and unusually laudatory, observation.
The verso of leaf 68 and two following leaves contain annotations
of a supplementary historical nature in an early sixteenth century
hand. Penning such scholarly addenda was a common practice among owners
of these early chronicles. The annotations in this copy list various
important personages, including various Popes and a number of Renaissance
humanists, among them Purbach, Gaza, Ficino, and Aldus Manutius.
Goff R-275; BMC I, 127; Hain 6915; Proctor 571; CF Stillwell: Fasc.